Agra was once the capital of the Mughal empire and even today it seems to linger in the past .Agra, the most favorite tourists destination in India. Agra is world famous for being home to the Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of modern world.No trip to India is complete without a visit to the Taj. Tourism in Agra showcases the great Mughal heritage well preserved in its famous monuments, architecture and culture.Agra is not synonymous with just the Taj Mahal.Today, the town is a bustling industrial and commercial hub, and the phrase 'Go to Agra' has a different connotation.A visit to the city is like being transported back in time. Situated on the banks of the Yamuna, its narrow crowded streets and boulevards are medieval in structure, while its bazaars are splashed with colour and gaiety - which is the hallmark of the city.
All sorts of stuff, especially leather goods, local handicrafts and imitation inlay work on marble (including miniaturised Taj Mahals) jostle for shelf space in the shops. Its pethas (pumpkin sweet), dalmoth (fried peas) and sumptuous Mughlai food are worth a try.
Although Muslims comprise just a tenth of the population of Agra today, the town retains its Islamic character, reminiscent of the time when it held centre-stage in Indian politics - during the halcyon days of the Mughal Empire. It was here that Babur defeated the Rajput king Rana Sangha in the Battle of Khanua in 1527, to sow the seed of the Mughal Empire, which blossomed over the next 200 years. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the sumptuous courts of Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan transformed Agra into a sophisticated, luxurious, man-made paradise.